A polymer is built through polymerization where many chemical units (monomers) are linked together by covalent bonds. Homopolymers are prepared using the same monomer unit and copolymers are prepared using two or more different monomer units, for example styrene and butadiene. To create a synthetic emulsion polymer, this polymerization is carried out in water using free radical emulsion polymerization.
There are five main types of synthetic polymer emulsions. Many unique and customized products can be created within each of these polymer families:
Acrylic polymer emulsions
Styrene-acrylic emulsion polymers, including resin supported emulsions (RSE)
Vinyl-acetate based polymers such as vinyl acetate ethylene copolymers and vinyl acrylic latex